Saffron cakes have traditionally been made in Devon and Cornwall, especially around Easter when they are eaten with clotted cream on Good Friday.This tradition is said to have started more than 2,000 years ago when traders from the Middle East exchanged saffron for Cornish tin. Saffron is the world’s most expensive spice by weight and, nowadays, it is often replaced with egg colour but, because a little saffron goes a long way, it is not as expensive as you might think. The spice also brings a subtle astringent flavour and the orange filaments look good in the finished cake.The recipe below comes from Elizabeth Craig’s 1936 book, Cookery Illustrated and Household Management. The recipe uses a very old-fashioned technique, taking a piece of dough, and adding fruit, sugar butter and spices to make a cake. The saffron water makes the dough very wet and the original recipe does not add any extra flour but, depending on how slack your original dough is, you will probably want to add some. Tested by Nick Anderson, the baker at Redbournberry Mill, the final cake has a close texture and a rich spicy taste. Makes approximately 20 x 1lb/450g loaves 200 strands/about 10 good pinches of saffron9 floz/240ml boiling water10 lb/4.5kg white bread doughApproximately 2½lb/1.2kg strong white flour2½lb/1.2kg caster sugar2 ½lb/1.2kg mixed peel1/6oz 5g ground allspice2 ½lb/1.2kg currants2 ½ lb/1.2kg butter1. Put the saffron in boiling water and stand in a warm place for at least 15 minutes until the water is dark yellow.2. Mix the saffron water and strands into the dough.3. Work the currants, peel, and allspice into the dough.4. Add the extra flour now to make a workable dough.5. Melt the butter and work in.6. Shape the dough and let it prove for 30 minutes. It will not rise very much.7. Bake for 30 minutes at 375?F/190?C.8. Glaze as they come out of the oven. —-=== Did you know? ===? Saffron comes from the stigma of the saffron crocus (Crocus Sativus) and each flower produces just three threads of saffron, which are gathered by hand? Saffron can be grown in Britain but most saffron now comes from Iran, Greece, Morocco, Spain and Kashmir? The town of Saffron Walden in Essex owes its name to the spice
More than half of bakers believe the Food Standards Agency is wrong to recommend the fortification of bakery products with folic acid.A British Baker poll on [http://www.bakeryinfo.co.uk] found that 52% believe fortification is the wrong course of action to recommend, whether it is at the milling or baking stage.The online poll found that 27% of bakers are in favour of adding folic acid to all bread flours (including wholemeal).Some 6% of those polled said they believed that folic acid should be added to white and brown flours, not wholemeal. And 15% of those polled were in favour of adding folic acid at the bread baking stage.
Scottish bakery ingredients manufacturer Ingram Brothers is moving to a purpose-built factory in Paisley close to Glasgow Airport.The 43,000sq ft facility will be operational from 7 January 2008. It was designed to incorporate the latest technology in a highly efficient and food-safe environment, said the company.It will also enable the production of a wider range of bakery ingredients than Ingram’s existing premises in Glasgow.Ingram Brothers was founded in 1895 as a syrup and treacle refiner. It remains a family-owned business, now headed by George Ingram’s great grandsons, supplying ingredients such as nuts, fruit fillings and glazes.
The American Bakers Association (ABA) is calling on all US bakers to descend on Washington in protest against critically low wheat reserves.”Extraordinary times call for extraordinary measures,” said ABA president and CEO Robb MacKie.With “critically” low reserves and severe conditions in the wheat markets, ABA is demanding that the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and Congress take action.On March 12, ABA is arranging for the “band of bakers” to meet with newly confirmed agriculture secretary Ed Schafer and senior White House officials, the association revealed in a statement last Friday.”ABA has repeatedly urged the White House, USDA and Congress to provide meaningful relief to alleviate the growing wheat crisis,” added MacKie. “Unfortunately those calls have gone unheeded. Now is the time for all bakers, from all organisations, to join ABA in coming to Washington to deliver this important message personally.”The association is to ask Congress to reassess the recent “infatuation” with ethanol production, it said, as the recently passed Energy Act calls for even higher ethanol production targets in coming years.”We alerted USDA a year ago that wheat was going to be in short supply, and now three of the five wheat categories are extremely short,” said MacKie. “This is raising such serious domestic food security issues that ABA is requesting that USDA curtail wheat exports until bakers and other domestic users are guaranteed the supplies they need. Other countries are stockpiling their strategic grain reserves.”
News agency AFP has reported that thousands of copies of a Swedish food magazine have had to be recalled, after it inadvertently poisoned some of its readers who followed one of its apple cake recipes.The recipe called for 20 nutmeg nuts, although it should have said two pinches of nutmeg. The unfortunate mistake left four people, who ate the same cake, with symptoms of poisoning. Let’s hope this hasn’t put them off home-baking for good!
Over $4m has been raised so far from the sale of GreenPalm certificates, since the start of the scheme 18 months ago, and there are plans for a European roll-out.The $4m figure equates to the sale of 460,000 certificates, said Bob Norman, general manager of Book&Claim, which operates the Green-Palm certificate trading platform, endorsed by the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). This allows manufacturers and retailers to support sustainable palm oil production.”That $4m is the actual payment that goes back to sustainable palm oil producers,” said Norman at BIE. He told BB that the organisation is beginning to see interest from mainland Europe and plans to expand the GreenPalm scheme out across the continent soon.
What policies are you proposing to assist SMEs and those starting up businesses with accessing credit and business support?MARK PRISK, SHADOW BUSINESS MINISTER, CONSERVATIVES:We would use Government guarantees to create more diverse sources of affordable credit for businesses, building on our proposals at the start of the recession for a bold and simple National Loan Guarantee Scheme.To help local firms, we will:l Make small business rate relief automatic, as is already the case in Wales. This will be worth up to £1,263 a year in lower taxes for small firms in 2010-11.l Give councils the power to offer local business rate discounts, in order to provide targeted local support (e.g. local pubs, local Post Offices, or promote a local business park, etc).l Allow councils to keep the proceeds of business rate growth from new development for six years, to create a new incentive to help local firms and promote economic growth.l Stop any new supplementary business rate being imposed on local firms, by requiring a referendum of local firms to endorse it.We will undo Labour’s changes to planning rules, which have weakened councils’ ability to stop unwanted out-of-town development, and we will ensure a ’needs test’ is re-adopted. We will also enable councils to take competition issues into account when drawing up local plans.Pat mcfadden, minister for business innovation and skills, Labour:We have done everything possible to get viable businesses through the global downturn. We moved to stabilise the financial system by preventing the collapse of the banks. And the cut in VAT put money into the economy at a critical time to increase consumer spending.Over 200,000 businesses, which collectively employ 1.4 million people, have been able to delay £5bn in taxes through the Time to Pay Scheme. This has given businesses breathing space, by allowing them to pay their business taxes on a timetable they can afford. The Enterprise Finance Guarantee, meanwhile, has guaranteed loans to thousands of businesses up and down the country. This will be extended for another year meaning an additional £500m of bank lending.It has been tough, but small business failure is less than half the rate of the recession of the 1990s. We recognise businesses will continue to need a helping hand. This is why schemes like the Time to Pay initiative and the Enterprise Finance Guarantee will continue with Labour.As we look to lock in the recovery, we do not want to penalise people who wish to invest in their businesses. So we are doubling the Annual Investment Allowance from £50,000 to £100,000, provi-ding greater tax relief. As a result, 99% of businesses will be able to deduct all investments in plant and machinery in the first year from their taxable profits.Unlike the Conservatives, we will not abolish these allowances, which give incentives for businesses to invest. So if you are thinking about investing in your business, or if your workplace is considering purchasing some new kit, the Conservatives would remove the tax relief that makes it easier for businesses to make these decisions. This is the wrong choice at a time when we need to support businesses that will create the most growth and jobs.Getting credit from the banks is a real issue, so the taxpayer-backed banks will be required to lend £94bn over the next 12 months, with nearly half going to small firms. A new small business credit adjudicator will also have powers to make sure that small businesses cannot be unfairly turned down for bank loans.And to help new businesses, as well as existing ones, business rates will be cut for a year from October. This will reduce the fixed costs of starting and running a small business for around 500,000 businesses in England. This change will mean a tax reduction for almost 100,000 shops.JOHN THURSO, SHADOW BUSINESS MINISTER, Liberal Democrats:We will make sure that SMEs can get the capital they need to succeed and grow. First, we will get the banks lending at affordable rates and at the volumes required to sustain the recovery particularly the semi-nationalised banks, which should be working for the benefit of UK plc. In the longer term, we will split low-risk retail banking from high-risk investment banking, so that the UK once again has a banking industry focused on lending to businesses to support economic growth.Second, we will help to create new sources of equity through Local Enterprise Funds and Regional Stock Exchanges. These will connect businesses with investors in their own region and significantly increase the supply of equity to smaller businesses.We will improve business support by reforming Regional Development Agencies to focus solely on economic development.In what ways will you reduce the burden of bureaucracy and the barriers to running a successful business?PRISK: Labour has drowned business with reams of red tape. The average small firm spends seven hours a week form-filling according to the Federation of Small Businesses. We will slash red tape through an innovative ’one-in, one-out’ rule, whereby no new regulation can be introduced without cutting another with an equivalent cost elsewhere plus an extra 5% cut to the net regulatory burden.Regulatory quangos will be tamed through the introduction of ’sunset clauses’ (laws with expiry dates), where each one will have to justify their existence at the end of a fixed term.Tax is a major barrier for small firms. That is why we will make small business rate relief automatic, saving eligible firms up to £1,200 this year and we will cut the small companies’ corporation tax rate from 22p to 20p. To help those wanting to start and grow a business, during the first two years of a Conservative government, we will abolish tax on the first 10 jobs new firms create within their first year.Through our proposed Office of Tax Simplification, we will also conduct a thorough review of all small business taxation with the aim of reducing its complexity.It takes around 13 days to start a business that employs people in the UK. So we will make it easier for people to set up new enterprises by cutting the time it takes to start a new business, and making Britain the fastest place in the world to start a business. The Conservatives will reduce the number of forms needed to register a new business, and move towards a ’one-click’ registration model.Most importantly, we will stop Labour’s tax on jobs, which will kill the recovery by cutting Labour’s waste. We will raise the secondary threshold at which employers start paying NICs by £21 a week, saving employers up to £150 for every person they employ relative to Labour’s plans. This will reduce the cost of Labour’s tax rise on employers by more than half.The choice for the industry at this election is clear five more years of Gordon Brown making things worse, or change with the Conservatives who have the energy, leadership and ideas to get the economy moving again.MCFADDEN: We take costs to business very seriously. We will continue the Business Link service, which offers comprehensive practical advice to businesses, including free access to inter-active tools and model documents that are quick and easy to use. This help has already saved businesses an estimated £418m in administrative costs in the last year.If used correctly, regulation can help drive innovation, as well as protect workers and consumers. We will make further progress in cutting the costs of regulation on growing businesses, especially the smallest. We will seek to reduce the costs of regulation by more than £6bn by 2015. This new target will cut the cost of regulation through £1.5bn in unnecessary paperwork and record-keeping, and £5bn in the wider regulatory costs that impact upon business. This will be met by looking at the following areas: Built Environment; Business Law; Consumer Issues; Employment and Skills; Health and Social Welfare; Natural Environment; Transport and Workplace Health and Safety.THURSO: Businesses are hamstrung by an ever-growing tide of regulation, uncertain public finances and a shortage of key skills.We will reduce red tape and manage the introduction of new regulations by ending the gold-plating of European directives; adopting a ’one-in one-out’ policy; using sunset clauses; and introducing independent checks on the costs of regulations.Stable public finances are vital to maintain low interest rates and provide clarity over future levels of taxation. We need a credible plan to reduce the deficit based on economic indicators, not political dogma.With tax rates already high for businesses, the deficit must be tackled through controlling public spending. The Liberal Democrats have gone further than any other party in identifying over £15bn of annual savings, such as capping public sector pay rises to £400 a year, abolishing the Child Trust Fund and scrapping the last tranche of Eurofighter.The education system is failing to provide many young people with the basic skills they need to hold down a job. We will ensure a better balance between academic and vocational education and take urgent action to boost the economy though a £3.3bn stimulus package. This includes support for vocations such as bakery by fully funding the off-the-job costs of adult apprenticeships and funding 15,000 more Foun-dation Degrees, which combine study with practical workplace learning.What is your position on the growing power of the supermarkets with regards to supplier relationships and store expansions negatively affecting businesses?PRISK: Supermarkets provide consumers with a rich variety of choice and great convenience, but there is evidence that the big retailers have used unfair practices to squeeze the profit margins of producers. We will introduce an ombudsman, in the Office of Fair Trading, to enforce the Grocery Supply Code of Practice and curb abuses of power, which undermine suppliers and act against the long-term interest of consumers. We also believe co-operation should be encouraged to give farmers more influence in the marketplace and will promote the expansion of local food networks.MCFADDEN: The power that large grocery retailers can wield over their suppliers can still create pressures on small producers, which ultimately may impact on consumers. Free and fair competition is the key to a healthy market and it is right that there should be an enforcement body to make sure that the market is working in the best interests of consumers. In our manifesto we announced that, in order to protect farmers and food suppliers from unfair and uncompetitive practices by major retailers, we will create a supermarket ombudsman.THURSO: For years, Labour and the Tories have twiddled their thumbs, while the supermarkets have pushed suppliers and rural shops to the brink. We seriously doubt that belated proposals for a supermarket ombudsman will properly rein in these big beasts. That’s why the Liberal Democrats are committed to an independent food market regulator, with the power to enforce a legally binding Code of Practice. A regulator would have the power to pro-actively investigate abuses of market power and ensure that supermarkets no longer exploit suppliers or consumers. Invoicing rules will mean that refunds will appear on bills and cannot be negotiated down at the end of the year. Selling staple items, such as bread, at a loss will be regulated.Successive governments have allowed the planning system to favour the construction of large new retail developments, even when there are existing high street shops standing empty. We will ensure a more strategic approach, strengthening planning laws by bringing in a local competition test and requiring local authorities to develop sustainable retail plans. Key policies l One-in one-out rule to slash red tapel Review of small business taxationl Cut the time it takes for new start-ups Key policies l Annual Investment Allowance doubledl Regulation costs cut by £6bn by 2015l A supermarket ombudsman created Key policies l Get banks to lend at affordable ratesl Create new sources of equityl Reform RDAs to improve support
A new law to clamp down on illegal computer file-sharing will not initially target coffee shops and bakeries offering WiFi to customers.Chains providing free WiFi feared they could be prosecuted under the Digital Economy Act if customers viewed, downloaded or shared copyright-infringing material while on their premises. However, Ofcom’s draft Code of Practice to implement the law will only cover the top seven ISPs (internet service providers), such as BT and Orange.Under the code expected to come into force in early 2011 the IP address of anyone caught committing online copyright infringe-ment three times will be added to a blacklist held by their ISP. Copy-right holders, including music firms and film studios, will then be able to access the list and implement legal action.Coffee shops may eventually be covered, as Ofcom added that once the code comes into force, it may need to be extended to other ISPs including WiFi and mobile providers.A Starbucks spokeswoman said it welcomed the opportunity for consultation, but added that the implications for public Wi-Fi providers remained unclear. She said: “There has been widespread recognition in Parliament that the effect of the Bill on places like coffee shops and libraries deserves careful consideration.”
Taura Natural Ingredients has introduced a range of ingredients combining ancient grains and 100% pure concentrated fruit and vegetables.The Ultra Rapid Concentrated (URC) Inclusions range uses grains such as quinoa, amaranth and chia, alongside fruit and vegetable accompaniments. It is suitable for applications in the snack, bakery, breakfast cereal and confectionery categories.The range can also incorporate crisped rice and cereals for a crunchy texture, sweet treats like chocolate for more indulgent product concepts, and is ideal for functional ingredients such as probiotics and prebiotics.Mattias van Uffelen, head of European sales at Taura, said: “Ancient grains are set to be one of the top food industry trends for 2012. Now, thanks to URC Inclusions, we can offer companies a great way to benefit from this by creating innovative products that not only look and taste superb, but also tap into consumer demand for healthy and delicious products.”
Notre Dame temporarily switches to online classes in response to coronavirus threat CoronavirusIndianaLocalNationalNewsSouth Bend Market Twitter Pinterest Facebook By Know1one1 [CC BY-SA 3.0], from Wikimedia Commons The University of Notre Dame says they have been closely monitoring the spread of the coronavirus, and announced Wednesday that they are suspending all in-person classes on campus.This goes into effect on Monday, March 23 and will be the case through at least Monday, April 13. All in person and online classes will also be cancelled for next week.There are no known cases of coronavirus on the Notre Dame campus.In a letter to the University community Father Jenkins said he has continued to monitor the quickly evolving situation, and decided this move was one of the best steps the school can take to reduce the likelihood of transmitting the virus.The university president also suspended all study-abroad programs and is bringing students and U.S.-based faculty and staff home as safely and as soon as possible.You can find more information and Father Jenkins’ statement by clicking here. Previous articleSanders staying in the race for the Democratic nominationNext articleBrothers headed to prison for shooting death Tommie Lee WhatsApp WhatsApp By Tommie Lee – March 11, 2020 0 492 Pinterest Google+ Google+ Twitter Facebook